The system uses Metes, which are straight lines connecting two points, and Bounds, which are identifiable aspects of a property. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Section 16 is located directly in the center of the section and historically was always designated as the school section. The rectangular survey or government survey describes land by reference to a. These townships are not the same as political subdivisions.\r\n

Each township is further divided into 36 sections of one square mile each, or 640 acres, by horizontal and vertical section lines. Definition of "Rectangular survey". Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Township lines, which run east and west, parallel to baselines, are horizontal parallel lines that form township tiers. When identifying property locations, you will always reference which principal meridian it is located near. A government check represents an area that measures 576 square miles. As mentioned above, basically you can think of the US as a huge checkerboard, with vertical and horizontal lines splitting it up. As with most things, there are pros and cons of using the Rectangular Survey System. All township locations are defined by referencing how from they are from the principal meridian and baseline. The rectangular survey system is comprised of principal meridian lines that cover most states in the US, running north to south and baselines running east to west. A Metes and Bounds survey may read something like commencing from the large apple tree 1 mile to the north, west along the river bed. However, rivers can be moved, and trees can die, so as you can see, this method is wildly inaccurate over time. The sections are number 1 through 36 starting in the NE corner of the section continuing west along the top row. Title Theory State | Rights, Differences & Purpose. This system is also needed to divide all of the lands in the public domain which is possessed by the US federal government to benefit the American citizens. Surveyors also establish an east-west line from which all measurements originate. Texas Real Estate Sales Agent Exam: Practice & Study Guide, Michigan Real Estate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Michigan Real Estate Salesperson Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Georgia Real Estate Salesperson Exam: Study Guide & Practice, West Virginia Real Estate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, West Virginia Real Estate Salesperson Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Wyoming Real Estate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, California Real Estate Salesperson Exam: Study Guide, Virginia Real Estate Salesperson Licensing Exam: Study Guide, Arizona Real Estate Salesperson Licensing Exam: Study Guide, Arizona Real Estate Broker License Exam: Study Guide, North Carolina Real Estate Broker License: Study Guide, Florida Real Estate Sales Associate Exam: Test Prep & Study Guide, Tennessee Real Estate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Tennessee Real Estate Affiliate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Maryland Real Estate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Maryland Real Estate Salesperson Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Montana Real Estate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Kentucky Real Estate Broker Exam: Study Guide & Practice, Create an account to start this course today. The guide meridians occur every 24 miles east and west of the principal meridian. If you would like to change your settings or withdraw consent at any time, the link to do so is in our privacy policy accessible from our home page.. Township locations are identified by tier or township lines and ranges. Since nothing is perfect, some sections of land ended up being larger or smaller than they should. Although the lines start out the same distance apart, they get closer together as you get near one or the other end of the ball.\r\n\r\nCorrection lines and guide meridians were established to correct this problem in the government survey system. There are 37 principal meridians in the national survey, which are referred to when. To learn more about these land descriptions, view our Real Estate Principles course, which provides information on ethics of practice, titles to and conveyance of real estate, deeds encumbrances and liens, distinctions between personal and real property, appraisal, finance and regulations, and more. They are the starting points for describing a propertys boundaries. It is a rectangular approach to surveying the land breaking the district down to quadrangles of 24 miles. These are known as correction lines and guide meridians. Sections also are numbered consecutively. The second row down continues being numbered west to east or left to right. For instance, a quarter section always contains 160 acres, or a fourth of the total 640 acres in a section. Quarter sections have an area of 160 acres.\r\n \t

  • Half sections: Half section is a description of any two abutting quarter sections within a section, usually accompanied by a directional notation indicating the half of the section in which the two quarter sections are located. Doing the math, its 1/2 1/4 640 = 80 acres.

    \r\n\r\n\r\n[caption id=\"attachment_274746\" align=\"alignnone\" width=\"556\"]\"quarter A quarter section can be split into smaller parts. For instance, a quarter section always contains 160 acres, or a fourth of the total 640 acres in a section. We know that there are 640 acres in one section, and we are taking a 1/4 of a 1/2 section. is a way of subdividing and describing land in the United States. \"https://sb\" : \"http://b\") + \"\";el.parentNode.insertBefore(s, el);})();\r\n","enabled":true},{"pages":["all"],"location":"footer","script":"\r\n
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You can think of this system as a gigantic checkerboard, as it has a bunch of intersecting lines that form squares into a grid. We have Quarter sections, Half sections, township sections, townships, quadrangles, and principal meridians with baselines. These range lines form ranges. So how does the system describe land? Each township is further divided into 36 sections of one square mile each, or 640 acres, by horizontal and vertical section lines. Following the passage of the Northwest Ordinance in 1787, the Surveyor General of the Northwest Territory platted lands in the Northwest Territory. The lines are spaced 24 miles apart, creating squares that are around 576 square miles. Principal meridians, quadrangles, townships, then sections its that easy, dont overthink it.if(typeof ez_ad_units!='undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[250,250],'realestatelicensewizard_com-leader-1','ezslot_6',691,'0','0'])};__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-realestatelicensewizard_com-leader-1-0');if(typeof ez_ad_units!='undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[250,250],'realestatelicensewizard_com-leader-1','ezslot_7',691,'0','1'])};__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-realestatelicensewizard_com-leader-1-0_1');.leader-1-multi-691{border:none!important;display:block!important;float:none!important;line-height:0;margin-bottom:15px!important;margin-left:auto!important;margin-right:auto!important;margin-top:15px!important;max-width:100%!important;min-height:250px;min-width:250px;padding:0;text-align:center!important}. He teaches pre-licensing and continuing education courses for salespeople, brokers, and appraisers. Dummies has always stood for taking on complex concepts and making them easy to understand. ","blurb":"","authors":[{"authorId":9566,"name":"John A. Yoegel","slug":"john-a-yoegel","description":"

    John A. Yoegel, PhD, is a certified real estate instructor and former board member of the Real Estate Educators Association. The rectangular survey system, often referred to as the government survey system, is based on a system of lines that form rectangles and squares throughout the United States. All rights reserved. Sections can be further subdivided into quarter sections, quarter-quarter sections, or irregular government lots. document.getElementById("ak_js_1").setAttribute("value",(new Date()).getTime()); Sign up for the newsletter to get exclusive real estate exam tips that I don't share anywhere else. Many plans have been made on how to subdivide the public domain lands. Areas smaller than full-size sections are known as government lots and are numbered and placed in fractional sections. Jeff Davis with American Realty Academy, covering the infamous Government Rectangular Survey. The range lines run north and south parallel to the principal meridians. Correction lines occur at every fourth township line or every 24 miles north and south of the baseline. In the survey method, there has to be the creation of an initial point. The fifth township south of the baseline and fourth to the west of the principal meridian would be identified as Missouri, Fifth Principal Meridian, Township 5 South, Range 4 West, or Missouri, Fifth Principal Meridian, T5S, R4W. Putting the above description into words is half of a quarter section. The townships are consecutively numbered by their location within the intersection of multiple range lines and township lines. The Rectangular Survey System, also known as the Government Survey System or Public Land Survey System, is a method of plotting land boundaries in the United States using a large grid made up of rectangles. Principal meridians, baselines, and where they intersect (cross each other) are used as the basis for formulating property descriptions in this system. Definition of "Government rectangular survey". The system became official with the Land Ordinance Act of 1785. These divisions mean just that. Those quadrangles are divided into smaller squares called townships. Metes & Bounds System in Real Estate | Metes & Bounds Survey Examples & Legal Description. The land is then further divided into quadrangles. There are 36 sections in a township, and each section contains one square mile, which is 640 acres. Before the Rectangular Survey System was established, the Metes and Bounds survey was the only way of identifying who owned what land. These townships are not the same as political subdivisions. They are the starting points for describing a propertys boundaries. (This description refers to a 10-acre parcel of land. A system of fractional sections and government lots are parts of standard practice to account for these discrepancies.\r\n\r\nSo how does the system describe land? Figuring out the size of a piece of property, which sometimes is called a parcel, is simple, if you keep in mind that youre always dealing with a section of 640 acres. It is considered as one of the most significant subdividing of the United States' mainland. For example, how many acres are there if you take the North East of the South 1/2 of section 3 in township 8 North and range 5 west? Understand its process through the given examples. As each territory or state opened new public lands, the government identified a meridian (running north and south) and a base line (running east and west) to guide all future land surveys in that area. Now known as the Public Land Survey System, this system divided the western lands into grid-shaped townships and sections. It is considered as one of the most significant subdividing of the United States mainland. Range lines run parallel to the principal meridian and determine how far east and west the township is of that meridian.if(typeof ez_ad_units!='undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[250,250],'realestatelicensewizard_com-banner-1','ezslot_5',689,'0','0'])};__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-realestatelicensewizard_com-banner-1-0'); All township locations are defined by referencing how from they are from the principal meridian and baseline. The system is also relatively easy to understand, as it is basically a single grid laid over the land. Each one square mile section is 640 acres. Some of our partners may process your data as a part of their legitimate business interest without asking for consent. Learn the basic methodology, and real-world adjustments. In other words, after section number 6, it drops down to 7 on the next tier then goes left to right to number 12. The implementation of the system begins with the identification of the reference lines: the east-west line called the Base Line and the north-south line is also known for the name principal meridian.

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